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Oncala

Tourism |  Additional Information |  Heritage |  Where to stay |  Where to eat |  What to do

Oncala is located in the north-eastern part of the province and the Linares River, or río Mayor, passes through this area. The source of this river is in the Oncala mountain pass, between Sierra del Alba and Sierra de San Miguel, and it later connects with the Alhama River, an effluent of the Ebro River.

 

Its great emblazoned homes and its churches are the testimony to its great economic importance from the 16th to the 18th century, mostly due to its livestock production tradition, the Mesta and the Transhumance. The Oncalese shepherds and the rest from the region would go down the Drovers’ roads in the wintertime with their Merino sheep to the south of the Iberian Peninsula, and would come back to the fresh pasturelands in the mountains in summer.

 

The church of San Millán in Oncala was built between 1780 and 1798, sponsored by Don Juan Francisco Ximénez del Río, a local who was also Bishop of Segovia and Archbishop of Valencia. It only has one nave and a transept that is covered by a dome supported by spandrels and decorated with lunettes. The Major Altarpiece is dedicated to San Millán de la Cogolla, the patron saint of shepherds, and he is presented with a lamb nestled at his feet, dressed as a monk with a black habit and carrying a shepherd’s crook. This carving would belong to the first half of the 18th century.

 

According to the locals, when it was rebuilt, the original building was not torn down due to the fact that the people from Oncala didn’t trust that the bishop would finish the project, therefore, the old church was kept inside until the new one was finished, then it was dismantled and removed. The most outstanding feature in the church is its rich collection of Flemish tapestry from the 17th century.

 

The Transhumance museum (museo de la trashumancia) is dedicated to teaching the culture of shepherding in Oncala.

Tourist Map

View Tourist Map
View Tourist Map
Tourist Map
Tapestry collection
Tapestry collection
Oncala Mountain Range
Oncala Mountain Range
Streets of Oncala
Streets of Oncala

Diputación de Soria (Desarrollo Económico y Turismo)

C/ Caballeros, 17 - 42002 Soria

Tfno. 975 220 511 Fax 975 231 635

turismo@dipsoria.es