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Museum and Archaeo-Palaeontologic Site of Ambrona and Torralba

This ensemble of the archaeological and palaeontological sites of Ambrona and Torralba del Moral dates back to the mid-Pleistocene period and was declared Heritage of Cultural Interest in 1995 under the Archaeological Site category.

Throughout the years, the Ambrona Valley has been the place that has connected the plateaus with the Ebro Valley and home to the hominids who lived here since the Palaeolithic period. It was discovered in 1888 while construction works were being carried out to build a railway. When the construction workers were excavating, they found many Pleistocene animal remains and lithic tools.

During the Palaeolithic period, the valley’s landscape was filled with small ponds, not much tree mass but great plains of grass where various animal species would stop to graze and drink, such as wild bulls, horses, deer, wolves, lions, and a species, unique to the area, called Palaeoloxodon antiquus, which was an elephant quite bigger than normal day elephants that had great tusks that were more than three metres long. There is a replica of this spectacular animal installed near the museums.

The valley’s primitive semi-nomadic settlers, in search of food and water, found this area and would live in caves or in the wilderness, making use of the natural resources they found, such as animal carcasses.

There are two museums that explain the objects found in the sites as well as the way of life of the people who once lived there. One of them shows the original archaeological substrate with remains of different animal species as well as the tusks of a great elephant. In the other museum, right next door, there is a collection of primitive tools such as axes, scrapers and arrow-heads of all sorts of materials ranging from flint to animal bones.

In recent excavations, Neolithic sites have also been discovered in the valley, some of which were previously occupied by other civilizations or even occupied after by different ones. Many walled cities and habitable spaces with storage cellars, ovens and monumental tombs from this prehistoric period have been found either on the plains or on the hillsides. The sedentary Neolithic groups that lived in this area around the mid-6th millennia B.C.E. dedicated their lives to wheat production and livestock like sheep, goats, cows and pigs.

Timetable:
From October to March, from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. and from 4:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m.
From April to September, from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. and from 4:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m.
On Sundays and Holidays, from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.
Closed on Mondays and Tuesdays.

+34 975 221 397

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Ambrona
Ambrona
Lithic material found in Ambrona
Lithic material found in Ambrona
Remains from Ambrona
Remains from Ambrona

Diputación de Soria (Desarrollo Económico y Turismo)

C/ Caballeros, 17 - 42002 Soria

turismo@dipsoria.es