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Church of Saint Peter the Apostol (Cerbón)

Heritage of Cultural Interest since 2014.

 

This church located on the outskirts of the village and attached to its sanctuary, you can find the local cemetery. It dates back to the 12th century, and along with the church of Nuestra Señora de la Peña in Ágreda and the church of San Martín de Villaute in Burgos, it is the only example Romanesque church with two naves. According to the Sorian historian, Gaya Nuño, the two Sorian churches were the works of the same master builder due to characteristics similar to the preservation of the Mozarabic temples of the Monastery of Suso in San Millán de la Cogolla and San Juan de la Peña.

 

The Church of Saint Peter in Cerbón has two naves that end in two semi-circular apses. The naves originally had three sections separated by pointed transverse arches on top of pilasters attached to the walls and scroll-shaped cantilevers. Either liturgic needs or new artistic trends made the builders alter the temple’s original distribution. Nowadays, a great rounded archway separates the two naves which are covered by pointed barrel vaults. The presbytery is vaulted in the same manner and the apses are covered by semi-domes.

 

There is a baptismal font with Romanesque features in the southern sanctuary with a truncated cone shape on top of a circular base with no decoration whatsoever. A small Roman altar with no inscriptions is used as a Holy Water font.

 

Outside, the walls are made of stone tiles and ashlar on the corner. On both apses, the eaves are supported by simple cantilevers decorated with scrolls, balls, small human heads and animal protomes.

 

The southern façade, an ashlar construction protrudes with three smooth archivolts on top of capitals with plan motifs, a snake that is curling up or a person that raises their arms as if they were praying with two four-legged creatures at each side which could be the scene of Daniel in the lions’ pit. Columns and jambs support these adorned elements.

 

There are a robust 3-floored tower and a Gothic-style chapel which were both built between the 16th and 17th centuries. The chapel is accessed through a rounded archway and is covered by a dome divided into eight sections and a keystone decorated with a painting of Santa Faz from the 18th century. The reinforcement ribs rest on polygonal cantilevers decorated with balls.

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Diputación de Soria (Desarrollo Económico y Turismo)

C/ Caballeros, 17 - 42002 Soria

Tfno. 975 220 511 Fax 975 231 635

turismo@dipsoria.es