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Castle of Gormaz

Monument since June 3rd, 1931.

 

The citadel of Gormaz is the largest in all Europe. It is erected on a steep hilltop that, aside from giving it better protection, also helped to control the vast fields that surround it. It was built in the early years of the Reconquista over the ruins of an old Roman fort or Visigoth building. It was raided once and again by Muslims and Christians, which led to its restoration and enhancement. For instance, in 940, Abd-ar-Rahman III’s troops assassinated the Count of Gormaz and marched towards the castle where they set up camp without trying to attack it: it was unassailable.

 

It is without a doubt the greatest example of military architecture, not only in Soria but in the entire Spanish territory. It was located on the border of Al Andalus and the Christian kingdoms, and already in the poem of El Cid, the castle is referred to as “Castiello tan Fourt” (“such a strong castle”).

In order to build it, they used oriental techniques that were used by the Aghlabids of Bagdad and others, which were far better than the techniques used by the Christians. The walled enclosure of about 1,200 metres long from east to west makes it the largest castle in Western Europe.

 

The citadel is separated into two distinct areas: to the east is the castle which is protected by strong walls and towers, and has an elbow-shaped entrance, and towards the west is the courtyard with architectonical remains, one of which is a large domed water pool.

 

A total of twenty-eight towers strengthen the perimeter, and in order to access it, one would have to go through the two magnificent Caliphal gates and the two secondary gates (Portonas) that can still be seen today.

 

It was renovated by Caliph al-Haken II between 956 and 966, and in 975 it was raided by Ramiro III of Leon and went on to being under Christian control, Lordship of El Cid, the Bishop of Osma and the Marquises of Camarasa.

 

+34 975 350 002

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Diputación de Soria (Desarrollo Económico y Turismo)

C/ Caballeros, 17 - 42002 Soria

Tfno. 975 220 511 Fax 975 231 635

turismo@dipsoria.es